Miscarriage or spontaneous abortion is the most common type of pregnancy loss, which is defined as the spontaneous loss of a pregnancy in the first 20 weeks. Most of the times this happen in many women before they know they’re pregnant. It has become an evident problem, 20 to 30 percent of all pregnancies end in miscarriage.
If the loss of a fetus occurs after the 20th week of pregnancy, it’s called stillbirth.
Types of miscarriage
There are different types ofmiscarriages depending on the stage of your pregnancy and the cause of your miscarriage.
- Blighted Ovum- where a fertilized egg implants into your uterine wall, but fetal development never begins
- Complete Miscarriage-where the products of conception are expelled from your body
- Incomplete Miscarriage-where the membranes are ruptured, and your cervix is dilated or thinned
- Missed Miscarriage- where the embryo dies without
- your knowledge, and you don’t deliver it
- Recurrent Miscarriage- where you’ve had threeor more consecutive first-trimester miscarriages
- Ectopic miscarriage-where an egg implants somewhere other than your uterus, usually in your fallopian tubes
- threatened miscarriage- where bleeding and cramps point to a possible upcoming miscarriage
Signs of Miscarriage
Some of these signs can be normal, but you should be concerned if you witness any of these and get checked out with a doctor.
- Vaginal bleeding and passing blood clots
- Mild to severe cramps
- Back pain
- Loss of pregnancy symptoms, such as nausea or vomiting
- White-pink mucus
- Passing tissue or clot-like material
Sadly, if miscarriage has started there is no way to stop it. But you don’t have to worry, research have found that 85% of women who have suffered a miscarriage will go on to have a healthy, full-term pregnancy the second time around.
What are the causes for miscarriage?
By identifying the causes of miscarriage, you can prevent it from happening. The main cause is chromosomal or genetic abnormality in the embryo. Other causes are:
- Drug use
- Excess drinking
- Listeria, bacteria that may be present in undercooked meats, ra
w eggs, and unpasteurized dairy products
- Maternal trauma, such as a car accident
- Hormonal or structural abnormalities in the mother (suchas low progesterone levels or uterine fibroids)
- Advanced maternal age (over 35)
- Infections such as Lyme disease or Fifth disease
- Chronic illnesses such as uncontrolled diabetes, lupus, or thyroid disease
Treatments after miscarriage
- You can wait to pass the pregnancy lost naturally. But there are some disadvantages, you can’t identify the cause of miscarriage because important genetic information from the fetal tissue can’t be tested and the bleedings can be very heavy. This can be take up to two weeks. But the advantage is less medical intervention is needed.
- Next method by using medicine you can pass the pregnancy within 6-12 hours but it’s hard to recover the fetal tissue to test it afterward.
- D and C is another method (dilation and curettage). This is a surgery. Here doctor will remove the remaining parts of fetal tissue from the woman’s uterus. So, the tissue can be tested. But there is a slight risk of infection or scarring to the uterus.
After miscarriage you can ask from your doctor or midwife to how long you should wait for next pregnancy. Because the time gap will depend on the situation and the cause of miscarriage.
Ms. Leshani Samaradiwakara is a recent graduate with a BA in Economics and a minor in Psychology and Sociology. She is currently working as a Business Entrepreneur in MAS Holdings. In her role as a Business Entrepreneur, she explores new trends in the apparel industry, studies the consumer behavior and conducts market research, especially in the area of women health & wellness. She is a enthusiastic individual who is interested in discovering new places, traveling the world, exploring new cultures and meeting new people.