Delivering a Baby


Since you are a first-time mother, you may have fears about your delivery. You may have seen the pain that mothers have to faced, you may have also heard about it.

Considering you don’t have any experience, there will be thousands of questions in your mind. This article will you an idea about how your delivery will be and how to face it.

Each birth is unique, but classically we can divide it in to 3 stages.

  1. First Stage: Dilation and Effacement of the Cervix.
  2. Second Stage: Pushing and Birth.
  3. Third Stage: Delivery of the Placenta.

For 1st time mothers these 3 steps will take around 14 hours. For the experience mums will take around 8 hours.

First stage

You can divide 1st stage to early phase, active phase and transition phase.

Early phase-The early phase of the 1st stage will take around 6-10 hours for first time mums. In this time period your cervix dilated zero to three or four centimeters. Some women may don’t feel a big contraction even with the 3 or 4-centimeter cervical dilation but for some, there can be a strong contraction with zero dilation of cervical. However, the early phase brings some thinning and softening of the cervix.

In this phase contractions are somewhat irregular, coming from 5 to 30 minutes apart, last for 30 to 45 seconds. You might feel a bit of abdominal discomfort and see some pinkish discharge. Water may break in this early phase or later in 1st or 2nd stages.

Science the contractions are mild and irregular in this phase, you can relax your mind by listening to music, watching tv and even leisurely walk. The walking will speed the labor along.


Active phase– Here the cervix dilates from four to seven centimeters and the session may last for 3 to 6 hours for 1st time mums. The contractions come steadily, gradually increasing in intensity and frequency. It will take three to five minutes apart. Pains will feel on lower back, abdomen, or thighs. You might also experience an increased amount of pinkish or brownish discharge (bloody).

It’s ok to be nervous and even a little scared. You can try breathing or relaxation techniques you learned during childbirth class. And you should empty your bladder and drink fluids.

Transition phase – The cervix dilates to eight to ten centimeters. This stage will last for 20 min to 2 hours for 1st  time mums.

Increasing fatigue, shakiness, and nausea are all common in this phase. Science your body does the hard work of reaching complete dilation and effacement. As the baby’s head moves down toward the vaginal opening it feel a strong urge to push or bear down, along with pressure in the rectal area and stinging in the vaginal area. But you have to push after the cervix is fully dilated. Your practitioner will signal you for that.

Relaxing your self is very important in this phase. Breathing technique can help you. It’s very normal to feel you like “loosing your control”. Everything will be fine when you see your baby.

Second stage

This is the stage which pushing, and birth happen with fully dilated cervix.  In subsequent births, it may last few minutes to two hours. For 1st time mums, it ‘ll be like one and half hour to two hours.

This may feel like hardest workout in your life. Now the contraction will continuously happen. Sometimes episiotomy (an incision made in the area between the vagina and the rectum to widen the vaginal opening) will probably happen at this point. The intense pain around your vaginal and perineal areas will feel as the baby’s head crowns. When you start to push you may feel increasingly breathless and fatigue, or some may experience nausea and vomiting. To emerge rest of your baby’s head and the body you may push slowly or gently. At last your baby will come to our world.

 Third stage


Anyway, this stage will take around few minutes to half an hour. This call after birth also. Due to the stimulates uterine contractions, or your practitioner may gently massage your abdomen to help stimulate placental separation. In this stage your child birth drama will ended up. Take your baby to your hand and close your eyes, your whole world is now in your arms.


Leshani Samaradiwakara is a recent graduate with a BA in Economics and a minor in Psychology and Sociology. She is currently working as a Business Entrepreneur in MAS Holdings. In her role as a Business Entrepreneur, she explores new trends in the apparel industry, studies the consumer behaviour and conducts market research, especially in the area of women health & wellness. She is a enthusiastic individual who is interested in discovering new places, traveling the world, exploring new cultures and meeting new people.










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