Most of the pregnancy symptoms are normal but some are not, so it’s better to have an idea about these discomforts and what are the treatment that we can do for reduce them.
This is the most common one. You may feel nauseated at any time of the day, typically in the first trimester. Try eating frequent, small meals rather than three full meals. Keep your diet high in protein and complex carbohydrates, and low in sweets and fatty foods. Drink plenty of fluids, and eat fresh fruits and vegetables, which are high in water content.
Talk to your health care provider about trying 25 mg of vitamin B6 taken three times a day. Antacids sometimes help, especially if heartburn is part of the problem. In general, try to minimize stress in your everyday activities.
It’s better to avoid from heavy meals and spicy, greasy, sugary, and acidic foods. Stick to a bland, high-fiber diet, drink lots of fluids, and exercise daily. Small, frequent meals may relieve some of the symptoms.
Don’t lie down right after a meal.
Raise the head of your bed 2 to 4 inches with a stable support such as wooden blocks. Antacids can be helpful.
Cystitis (Bladder Infection)
Bladder infections in pregnant women are more common and dangerous than in non-pregnant women. If you develop bladder irritation, like persistent burning when urinating, meet your doctor for appropriate treatment.
Many bladder infections are triggered by sexual intercourse. Remember to empty your bladder immediately after sex and watch for symptoms. Several glasses of cranberry juice a day may prevent urinary tract infections.
Dizziness and Faintness
These are also common ones, slow down when you stand up or get out of bed.
Dizziness when you stand up too quickly from sitting or lying down is called postural hypotension. If you feel lightheaded, sit down immediately.
If you’re in a crowd and start feeling dizzy, step away and get some fresh air; if possible, lie down on your left side or sit with your head between your knees.
You may experience sleepless nights and daytime fatigue. During the first trimester, frequent trips to the bathroom and morning sickness may disrupt sleep. Later in pregnancy, vivid dreams and physical discomfort may prevent deep sleep.
Due to hormone level changing, such as progesterone, you’ll experience fatigue during the 1st trimester. Toward the end of pregnancy, some women find it difficult to sleep because they’re uncomfortable due to the size of a growing abdomen. Some women are too excited, anxious, or worried about becoming mothers to sleep well. Sleep apnea, especially if it’s severe and causes your blood oxygen level to drop during sleep, is a risk to the fetus.
You should take enough rest, eat regularly, and drink six or more glasses of water daily.
It’s better to try stress-reduction techniques like yoga or meditation. Or you can take a hot bath with a cold pack on your forehead.
Leg Pains and Cramps
When a leg cramp gets worse, straighten your leg and slowly flex your ankle and toes while massaging your calf; or soak your leg in hot water. You may be able to prevent night cramps by wearing socks to bed. If painful cramps persist, meet your doctor about calcium or magnesium supplements.
Wear support hose during the day, and elevate your feet when resting, if possible. Use a heating pad or gentle massage on the back of your thigh to ease sciatica.
Maintain your weight throughout your pregnancy to control swelling in your legs and ankles, wear support hose and avoid standing for long periods.
Wear shoes that fit well and give good support or buy shoe inserts designed especially for pregnant women. Getting off your feet helps the most. Lying down is often more comfortable than sitting.
Mouth and Gum Discomfort
Make sure you get your regular dental checkup and cleaning because Pregnancy can be demanding on your teeth. Brush your teeth and tongue at least twice a day, and floss regularly. Sugarless gum can be substituted for an after-meal cleaning if it isn’t feasible to brush your teeth.
During the pregnancy you may find some foods unappealing and develop a craving for others, especially sweets. Iron supplements may leave a bad taste in your mouth; talk to your practitioner if this is a problem. Use mouthwash often. Chewing gum, mints, or hard candies can also chase away unpleasant tastes.
Skin Changes and Stretch Marks
You may have rashes due to hormone changes. These may go away after the baby is born.
To prevent freckles or darkened skin on your face, called a “pregnancy mask” or chloasma, wear a wide-brimmed hat and use a sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30 when outside.
Apply a moisturizing cream on the dry skin around your abdomen. For heat rash, try to stay as cool and use cornstarch powder under your breasts, on your thighs, or wherever your skin tends to chafe.
Make your pregnancy more comfortable by following those relief methods for your discomfort abilities.
Mrs. Ruwandi Fernando is reading for MPhil / PhD program in Physics and currently working as a Technology Entrepreneur in MAS Holdings. In her role as a Technology Entrepreneur, she explores new trends in the maternal apparel space, sustainable products, new technology trends that can be applied to the apparel sector. She is a mother of a newborn who is interested in Kandyan dancing, playing sports, working out, mentoring teenagers, lecturing during her leisure time.