Ectopic Pregnancy

Picture1Generally, pregnancies develop inside your uterus, after a fertilized egg travels through your fallopian tube and attaches to your uterine lining.

Ectopic pregnancy is when a fertilized egg attaches somewhere else in your body, usually in your fallopian tube therefore it’s also called “tubal pregnancy.”

Ectopic pregnancies can also happen on your ovary, or somewhere else in your belly.

This is a very rare case it happens in about 2 out of every 100 pregnancies. But they’re very dangerous if not treated. Fallopian tubes can break if stretched too much by the growing pregnancy. This is sometimes called a ruptured ectopic pregnancy. This can cause internal bleeding, infection, and in some cases lead to death.

You’re in a risk of ectopic pregnancy when

  • have had an STD, pelvic inflammatory disease or endometriosis
  • have already had an ectopic pregnancy
  • have had pelvic or abdominal surgery
  • are 35 or older
  • smoke cigarettes

Symptoms

Normally an ectopic pregnancy happens within the first few weeks of pregnancy. You might not even know you’re pregnant and may not know you’re in a risk.

  • vaginal bleeding
  • pelvic pain
  • Nausea and vomiting with pain
  • Sharp abdominal cramps
  • Pain on one side of your body
  • Dizziness or weakness
  • Pain in your shoulder, neck, or rectum

Picture2

Treatments

As a treatment you may have to go for a surgery or medication.

A fertilized egg can’t survive outside of the uterus, the tissue has to be removed to keep you from having serious complications.

Medication

Your doctor can give you an injection of methotrexate (Trexall) If your fallopian tube hasn’t ruptured and your pregnancy hasn’t progressed very far. It stops the cells from growing, and your body will simply absorb them. If you found it in early stage If you most ectopic pregnancies can be treated with methotrexate.

Surgery

If the situation is serious you must go for a surgery.  The most common one is laparoscopy.

Here the pregnancy will remove by using thin, flexible instrument (laparoscope). Your doctor will make very small incisions in your lower abdomen. If your fallopian tube is damaged, she may have to remove it as well. If you’re bleeding heavily or your doctor suspects your fallopian tube is ruptured, you might need emergency surgery with a larger incision. This is called laparotomy.

After surgery

Mainly keep your incisions clean and dry while they heal. Check them daily for infection signs, which could include.

  • bleeding that won’t stop
  • excessive bleeding
  • foul-smelling drainage from the site
  • hot to the touch
  • redness
  • swelling

better to follow below things also,

  • don’t lift anything heavier than 10 pounds
  • drink plenty of fluids to prevent constipation
  • pelvic rest, which means refraining from sexual intercourse, tampon use, and douching
  • rest as much as possible the first week post surgery, and then increase activity in the next weeks as tolerated

Picture3

How to avoid ectopic pregnancy

  • Reduce your risk of sexually transmitted infections

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) such as gonorrhea or chlamydia may increase a woman’s chances of having an ectopic pregnancy. If you reduce your risk of contracting one of these diseases, you may reduce your risk of having an ectopic pregnancy as well.

Limit your number of sexual partners in order to reduce your risk of exposure

Always use a condom during sex to reduce your risk of contracting a disease

  • Get quick treatment for infections.

If you have a STI, it’s important to get treatment right away. The sooner you are treated, the less likely you are to develop inflammation. That can damage your reproductive system and increase your risk of developing ectopic pregnancies. It’s better to get tested regularly if you are sexually active.

  • Quit smoking

There is no clear researched evidence on how long a woman should wait to try to conceive after having treatment for ectopic pregnancy, but medical professionals advise you to wait for at least three months or two full menstrual cycles before trying to conceive for both physical and emotional reasons.

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