C-Section Delivery

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You may be planning to have a vaginal delivery but it doesn’t matter what you have planned there is a chance of a c section delivery at any time. In 2015, 32% of the deliveries were C-sections, its better to be prepared for one just in case.

What is c section delivery?

Cesarean section is the delivery of a baby through a surgical incision in the mother’s abdomen and uterus.

Types of c section delivery  

There are main 3 types.

The types depend on the difference being in the way that incision is cutting through the skin and uterus.

  1. Traditional cesarean section

In this type the cut is long, vertical incision being made in the midline of the abdomen. When the skin is incised, the uterus is also incised vertically, and the baby is delivered.

 

This type of C-section allows a large amount of space for delivering the baby due to the size of the incision. Here it’s weakens the abdominal muscles and increases the risk of hernia for years after surgery by the long incision. Also, once this type of C-section is performed, a vaginal birth is not safe for the delivery of future pregnancies. There fore this method is not commonly use in today.

 

  1. The lower uterine segment Cesarean section (LUCS)

Here an incision is made just above the pubic hairline, just above the bladder. The cut is horizontal through the underlying uterus as well as the skin. The baby is delivered by inserting a hand into the uterus and pulling the baby out. This is one of the most common method use in today.

 

Here, the risk of bleeding and hernia are minimal and the surgical wound repairs more easily   than the wound that is left after a traditional C-section. Also, a woman can choose a vaginal delivery in future.

 

  1. Caesarean hysterectomy

This type involves when removing the uterus during the same procedure as the C-section delivery. This procedure carries when severe post-delivery bleeding from the placenta or when the placenta cannot be separated from the uterus walls.

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Why do we need a C- Section delivery?

The C- Section delivery can be a planned one or an emergency one.

A planned C section delivery can be due to

  • When you have a previous cesarean with a “classical” vertical uterine incision or more than one previous C-section. These may increase the risk that your uterus will rupture during a vaginal delivery.
  • If your carrying more than one baby. It’ll depending on factors like how far along in the pregnancy you are when delivering and the positions of the twins.
  • If your baby is expected to be very large (macrosomia). You will recommend having a C -section. In this case if you’re diabetic or you had a previous baby who suffered serious trauma during a vaginal birth.
  • When your baby is in a breech or transverse position. Such as a twin pregnancy in which the first baby is head down, but the second baby is breech, the breech baby may be delivered vaginally.
  • When you’re near full-term and have placenta previa -when the placenta is so low in the uterus that it covers the cervix.
  • If you have an obstruction, like a large fibroid, that would make a vaginal delivery difficult or impossible.
  • When the baby has a known malformation or abnormality that would make a vaginal birth risky, such as some cases of open neural tube defects.
  • If you’re HIV-positive, and blood tests done near the end of pregnancy show that you have a high viral load.

 

Emergency and unplanned C- Section happen due to these kind of reasons

  • If you have a genital herpes outbreak when you go into labor or when your water breaks.  C-Section delivery will help to avoid infection.
  • If or your baby stops moving through the birth canal or your cervix stops dilating.
  • If your baby’s heart rate become different your cause for concern, and practitioner will decide that your baby can’t withstand continued labor or induction.
  • Sometimes the umbilical cord slips through your cervix. If that happens, your baby needs to be delivered immediately because a prolapsed cord can cut off his oxygen supply.
  • If your placenta starts to separate from your uterine wall (placental abruption), then your baby won’t get enough oxygen unless he’s delivered right away.

After the surgery, you and the baby will have to stay at hospital for 3 or 4 days. There are few things that you have to follow than a virginal birth.

  • Follow the way to breast feeding that your nurse advised you. Then you can reduce the pain around incision area.
  • Take it easy and rest, especially for the first few weeks.
  • Use correct posture to support your abdomen.
  • Drink plenty of fluids to replace those lost during your C-section
  • Avoid sex for four to six weeks.
  • Take pain medications as needed.
  • Seek help if you experience symptoms of postpartum depression, such as severe mood swings.

Let’s see what are the risk that you have from C- section delivery. Then you can be careful and easy for you to avoid from those.

  • longer recovery time compared with vaginal birth
  • Increased risks for future pregnancies
  • Injury to the child during surgery
  • Surgical injury to other organs
  • Breathing problems for the child, especially if done before 39 weeks of pregnancy
  • Infection
  • Bleeding
  • Blood clots

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Author:

Mrs. Ruwandi Fernando is reading for MPhil / PhD program in Physics and currently working as a Technology Entrepreneur in MAS Holdings. In her role as a Technology Entrepreneur, she explores new trends in the maternal apparel space, sustainable products, new technology trends that can be applied to the apparel sector. She is a mother of a newborn who is interested in Kandyan dancing, playing sports, working out, mentoring teenagers, lecturing during her leisure time.

 

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Delivering a Baby

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Since you are a first-time mother, you may have fears about your delivery. You may have seen the pain that mothers have to faced, you may have also heard about it.

Considering you don’t have any experience, there will be thousands of questions in your mind. This article will you an idea about how your delivery will be and how to face it.

Each birth is unique, but classically we can divide it in to 3 stages.

  1. First Stage: Dilation and Effacement of the Cervix.
  2. Second Stage: Pushing and Birth.
  3. Third Stage: Delivery of the Placenta.

For 1st time mothers these 3 steps will take around 14 hours. For the experience mums will take around 8 hours.

First stage

You can divide 1st stage to early phase, active phase and transition phase.

Early phase-The early phase of the 1st stage will take around 6-10 hours for first time mums. In this time period your cervix dilated zero to three or four centimeters. Some women may don’t feel a big contraction even with the 3 or 4-centimeter cervical dilation but for some, there can be a strong contraction with zero dilation of cervical. However, the early phase brings some thinning and softening of the cervix.

In this phase contractions are somewhat irregular, coming from 5 to 30 minutes apart, last for 30 to 45 seconds. You might feel a bit of abdominal discomfort and see some pinkish discharge. Water may break in this early phase or later in 1st or 2nd stages.

Science the contractions are mild and irregular in this phase, you can relax your mind by listening to music, watching tv and even leisurely walk. The walking will speed the labor along.

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Active phase– Here the cervix dilates from four to seven centimeters and the session may last for 3 to 6 hours for 1st time mums. The contractions come steadily, gradually increasing in intensity and frequency. It will take three to five minutes apart. Pains will feel on lower back, abdomen, or thighs. You might also experience an increased amount of pinkish or brownish discharge (bloody).

It’s ok to be nervous and even a little scared. You can try breathing or relaxation techniques you learned during childbirth class. And you should empty your bladder and drink fluids.

Transition phase – The cervix dilates to eight to ten centimeters. This stage will last for 20 min to 2 hours for 1st  time mums.

Increasing fatigue, shakiness, and nausea are all common in this phase. Science your body does the hard work of reaching complete dilation and effacement. As the baby’s head moves down toward the vaginal opening it feel a strong urge to push or bear down, along with pressure in the rectal area and stinging in the vaginal area. But you have to push after the cervix is fully dilated. Your practitioner will signal you for that.

Relaxing your self is very important in this phase. Breathing technique can help you. It’s very normal to feel you like “loosing your control”. Everything will be fine when you see your baby.

Second stage

This is the stage which pushing, and birth happen with fully dilated cervix.  In subsequent births, it may last few minutes to two hours. For 1st time mums, it ‘ll be like one and half hour to two hours.

This may feel like hardest workout in your life. Now the contraction will continuously happen. Sometimes episiotomy (an incision made in the area between the vagina and the rectum to widen the vaginal opening) will probably happen at this point. The intense pain around your vaginal and perineal areas will feel as the baby’s head crowns. When you start to push you may feel increasingly breathless and fatigue, or some may experience nausea and vomiting. To emerge rest of your baby’s head and the body you may push slowly or gently. At last your baby will come to our world.

 Third stage

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Anyway, this stage will take around few minutes to half an hour. This call after birth also. Due to the stimulates uterine contractions, or your practitioner may gently massage your abdomen to help stimulate placental separation. In this stage your child birth drama will ended up. Take your baby to your hand and close your eyes, your whole world is now in your arms.

AUTHOR

Leshani Samaradiwakara is a recent graduate with a BA in Economics and a minor in Psychology and Sociology. She is currently working as a Business Entrepreneur in MAS Holdings. In her role as a Business Entrepreneur, she explores new trends in the apparel industry, studies the consumer behaviour and conducts market research, especially in the area of women health & wellness. She is a enthusiastic individual who is interested in discovering new places, traveling the world, exploring new cultures and meeting new people.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

What to Take with You to the Hospital

 

imagesWhen it’s time to deliver, technically you don’t really need anything but a ride to the hospital or birthing centre. However, for a more comfortable experience, it can be helpful to have some personal items on hand. Make sure to pack your things before your due date to avoid scrambling at the last moment.

  • Lip balm: Your lips may get extremely dry, as you are usually unable to drink large amounts of fluids during labor. Hard candies are also helpful for dry mouth.
  • Men’s crew socks: With your temperature fluctuating, you may want socks, but you do not want ones that have a lot of elasticity and cut into swollen feet.
  • Light knee-length robe or loose pajamas: It’s smart to have something to cover your back (those hospital gowns don’t go all the way around!). This is especially helpful if you are able to walk through the early stages of labor.
  • Slippers: Dress your feet for walking the halls in the early stages for labor. As an alternative, some women may prefer clogs, for the arch support. Bring slippers that you can throw away or wash to rid of any hospital germs.
  • Hair bands or clips for longer hair: You’ll likely want your hair away from your face during labor.

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  • Pillow: It’s nice to have your own pillow for that extra bit of comfort when you’re away from home.
  • Toiletries: A toothbrush, hairbrush and deodorants are essential, and if you prefer your own to the hospital’s, bring shampoo, lotion and soap.
  • A nursing bra and nursing pads.
  • Change of clothes and flat shoes: Bring something clean and comfortable to go home in (including extra underwear). Remember, you will likely still look five or six months pregnant when leaving the hospital, so leave your pre-pregnancy skinny jeans at home and pack a loose-fitting outfit.
  • An outfit and blanket for the baby to go home in.
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For Dad or Partner:

  • Insurance card, identification and any necessary paperwork.
  • Money for parking or a taxi if you’re taking one and change for vending machines.
  • Snacks: Don’t rely on hospital food; bring your own crackers, raisins and granola bars. Make sure to pack snacks without strong smells, as Mom’s stomach may not be able to handle it at this time.
  • Video or digital camera: Don’t forget the backup batteries and chargers!
  • Cell phone (with charger), and a contact list of people who need to know the exciting news.
  • Portable DVD player, games or magazines: Labor can take longer than you think.
  • Portable music player with small speakers or headphones: This can be a calming distraction for Mom during contractions. Or Dad can put on his headphones if she is able to nap.
  • Laptop: Make sure to check with your hospital and, of course, your wife! It may not be the time to catch up on work, but it can be useful for e-mail updates or sending those very first pictures.

AUTHOR

Leshani Samaradiwakara is a recent graduate with a BA in Economics and a minor in Psychology and Sociology. She is currently working as a Business Entrepreneur in MAS Holdings. In her role as a Business Entrepreneur, she explores new trends in the apparel industry, studies the consumer behaviour and conducts market research, especially in the area of women health & wellness. She is a enthusiastic individual who is interested in discovering new places, traveling the world, exploring new cultures and meeting new people.

Pregnancy Challenges and Possible Risks

pregnancy-risksWhile there is nothing more beautiful than bringing new life into the world, there are some complications and challenges that may arise that are important to be aware of. Many challenges during pregnancy come in the form of common symptoms, while others are more individual, and can become serious medical issues.

Some more serious challenges and risks include:

Ectopic Pregnancy

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Ectopic means ‘out of place’, and an ectopic pregnancy is when a fertilized egg has implanted outside of the uterus. Also referred to as a “tubal pregnancy”, ectopic pregnancy occurs when the egg settles in the fallopian tubes. Fallopian tubes do not provide enough space or a nurturing environment for a growing fetus, causing the fetus to eventually burst through the tube. This can cause serious internal bleeding, and a serious risk to the mother. Vaginal bleeding is generally the first symptom of Ectopic pregnancies. An ultra sound will confirm the high-risk pregnancy, and in most cases an injection of methotrexate will stop the growth of the embryo, terminating the early pregnancy. If the pregnancy is further along, a surgery may be needed to remove it.

Anemia

While pregnant, your iron requirements rise significantly due to expansion of blood and the fact that much of your iron intake now goes to your growing baby. If you start pregnancy with deficient stores of iron, you are more at risk to develop anemia later in pregnancy. Vomiting from morning sickness will increase your risk of anemia. Be sure to get enough iron during before and during every trimester of pregnancy. The recommended daily amount for a pregnancy woman is 27 milligrams per day.

 

Urinary Tract Infections (UTI)

Urinary Tract Infections (UTI) may occur because of the many hormonal changes brought about during pregnancy. Some doctors also theorize that as the uterus grows its increased weight can block the drainage of urine from the bladder, causing an infection. While it may cause discomfort, if you think you have a UTI, see your doctor for a diagnosis and medication.

Post-partum depression and psychosis

Most women who give birth experience some form of ‘blues’ afterwards, but about 10% of new moms experience severe depression, known as post-partum depression. Even more rare, a select few women experience what is known as post-partum psychosis. While the ‘blues’ are characterized by symptoms such as: mood swings, sadness and trouble sleeping, women who suffer from post-partum depression undergo: a lack of connection with their baby, loss of sexual interest, and withdrawal from family and friends. Women who suffer from postpartum psychosis can become paranoid, confused and disoriented, masochistic, and delusional.

Thromboembolic disorders

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Thromboembolic disorders are characterized by blood clots forming in blood vessels and represent one of the most extreme and rare risks. Thromboembolic disorders are the leading cause of death in pregnant women. Most complications due to blood clots result from injuries that occur during delivery. Women who have had a blood clot during a previous pregnancy may be given heparin (an anticoagulant) during subsequent pregnancies to prevent blood clots from forming.

If you think you are affected by any of these possible risks we would strongly urge you to see your doctor immediately.

AUTHOR

Leshani Samaradiwakara is a recent graduate with a BA in Economics and a minor in Psychology and Sociology. She is currently working as a Business Entrepreneur in MAS Holdings. In her role as a Business Entrepreneur, she explores new trends in the apparel industry, studies the consumer behaviour and conducts market research, especially in the area of women health & wellness. She is a enthusiastic individual who is interested in discovering new places, traveling the world, exploring new cultures and meeting new people.

Body Changes During the Pregnancy

When you become pregnant, it changes many things in your life. The changes start from your body first. Most of these changes due to hormone changes of the body. In the pregnancy period mainly, estrogen and progesterone levels are changing. You can’t avoid these changes from happening but it’s better to educate yourself before it happens to your body.

Weight gain

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You will gain about 30 pounds during pregnancy, but all of this weight is not coming from your baby. The part of your baby is only 6-8 pounds. You are likely to gain 7 or more pounds of fat, which your body uses to prepare for breastfeeding and to store nutrients. Your breasts may gain about 2 pounds and 6 pounds from your enlarged uterus, placenta and amniotic fluid. The rest will come from increased blood and body fluid.

Breast changes

When your blood circulation boost with the hormone changes, the breast will grow. Normally it’ll increasing in 1-3 cup sizes and weight will increased by 2 pounds. Also, areolas will become larger and darker. Sometimes stretch marks and lumps may appear.

Growing belly

As your baby and uterus grow larger your waistline will begin to expand. You may not notice this change until the second trimester. It is normal to gain no or little weight in your first trimester.

Changes in hair, nails and skin

Hair

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Normally in pregnancy hair growth and thickening can be experience and may even notice hair growth in unwanted places like on the face, arms, legs, or back. These may return to normal after the baby is born. It’s common for hair loss or increased shedding to occur up to a year postpartum, as hair follicles and hormone levels regulate themselves without the influence of pregnancy hormones.

Nails

Nails in pregnancy period grow faster due to eating well and taking prenatal vitamins adds to the growth hormones of pregnancy. Also, you can notice increased nail brittleness, breakage, grooves, or keratosis. You can prevent breakage without using of chemical nail products by taking healthy diet to increase nail strength.

Skin

Some people talking about “pregnancy glow”, when your skin looks more rosy and shiny. It is caused by increased blood circulation. Pregnancy hormones can cause extra oil on your skin. It may cause to have flares of acne.

Stretch marks are the other change that permanently stay on your skin. Mostly around your belly and the breast. They’re caused by a combination of physical stretching of the skin and the effects of hormone changes on the skin’s elasticity.

Body temperature

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 One of the first hints of pregnancy is increasing in basal body temperature. A slightly higher core temperature will be maintained through the duration of pregnancy. They can be at higher risk of hyperthermia and dehydration. You will have a greater need of water during pregnancy.

Heartbeat and blood volume

Due to rapid expansion of the blood vessels and the increased stress on the heart and lungs, pregnant women produce more blood.

Your heart will work 30 to 50 percent harder at the rest, during the 2nd trimester of your pregnancy, which ejects more blood at each beat.  So, the heart rate will increase up to 15 to 20 percent during pregnancy. In the third trimester it can be 90 to 100 beats per minute. When consider the blood volume, it increases progressively during pregnancy until the last month by creating a need for iron and folic acid intake.

Vision changes

Researchers don’t know the precise biological mechanisms behind changes in vision. Most women return to pre-pregnancy vision after giving birth.

Blurriness and discomfort with contact lenses are common in pregnancy. Women with preeclampsia or gestational diabetes may be at an elevated risk of rare eye problems such as retinal detachment or vision loss.

Taste and smell changes

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Pregnant moms will typically prefer saltier foods and sweeter foods. They also have a higher threshold for strong sour, salty, and sweet tastes. Dysgeusia (a decrease in the ability to taste) is most commonly experienced in first trimester of pregnancy. Aggravate nausea and nutrient imbalance may indicate by the metallic taste in the mouth during pregnancy.

You may experience changes in sense of taste during pregnancy, many women experienced a dull sense of taste for a short period of time postpartum, they typically regain full taste capability after pregnancy.

The majority of pregnant women have reported a perceived increase in their own sensitivity to odors. There’s little consistent and reliable data indicating that pregnant women notice and identify certain odors and intensity of odors more than their non-pregnant counterparts.

Author:

Mrs. Ruwandi Fernando is reading for MPhil / PhD program in Physics and currently working as a Technology Entrepreneur in MAS Holdings. In her role as a Technology Entrepreneur, she explores new trends in the maternal apparel space, sustainable products, new technology trends that can be applied to the apparel sector. She is a mother of a newborn who is interested in Kandyan dancing, playing sports, working out, mentoring teenagers, lecturing during her leisure time.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

It’s all about being comfy

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Most of you may not know the importance of maternity bras & underwear. During your period you may wear different underwear, same goes for during your pregnancy. It’s important to change your under garments during your pregnancy, so your body is comfortable during your pregnancy.

Maternity Bras

We have divided your difficulties in pregnancy period in to 3 main pain points such as growing breast, leaking breast and nursing.

Growing breast

In 1st and 2nd trimester your breast will grow 1-2 cup sizes and in average size women, the breast will increase in two pounds. Therefore, you need more adjustability, support and coverage from the bra on this period.

So, the perfect bra for growing breast should have some special features than a normal bra. It should be more adjustable with extra hook and eye and adjustable straps.

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The bra should have good support that comes from wider straps, from the cup or the material of the bra. The support can be taken from underwire also, but it could be uncomfortable also. So, using a wired bra depend on your choice because for some mom’s support will be more important than the uncomfortability of the wire.

Coverage plays major roll while your breast grows. When your breast grows the coverage coming from the bra should be good. Because it will affect to the support. Therefore, most of the maternity bras come with full or medium coverage.

 Leaking breast

Leaking breast can be in Prenatally and postnatally. You will not be happy with wet uncomfortable feeling, bad odors and itchiness that you have to face through leaking breast.

Therefore, the maternity bras have specially treated chemically to be anti-odor and anti-bacterially and the bras are made out of specials material which have good absorptivity.

Specially the material should have a good moisture management to make the bra on dry all the time. There are some technologies like leakproof materials and cups used in maternity bras. If your bra couldn’t cover the leakages, wet patches will be visible through your cloths and I’m sure it is embarrassing. A good maternity bra can solve all your problems.


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Nursing

Nursing plays the major roll after your delivery. Therefore, you’ll need more support, coverage and versatility. So, the maternity bra should have easy access to feed your baby. Depending on the design, there are several opening types like pull a side, front openings, upper opening. From a normal bra you’ll never nurse your baby such an easily way.

If you had to feed in public your maternity bra will help you a lot. In that case the bra should be well covered.

It’s better if maternity bra is versatile. Because most of the time you have to wear the same bra for work, gym and feed your baby. If you can use the same bra for all these occasions It would be an added advantage.

Also, there are pumping bras, if you want to pump your milk easily, you can use them. The pumping bras have special opening with easy access to pump your milk and collect them in to the bottles.

Importance of a maternity panty

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Let’s see what are the difficulties you’ll face in this period regarding panties. So, the virginal discharges and the urinary leakages are the main pain points that we have recognized.

As solutions for those pain points, good maternity panties have made from well absorbed materials with chemically treated anti-odor and anti-bacterially to avoid bad odors and some bacterial infections.

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It should be stretch and adjustable with your growing belly so there is no harm to your baby. You can choose high waist or low waist under your comfortability. Because sometimes doctors may advice you to go for under the bump in last time period of your pregnancy.

There are some maternity panties which has been made out for recover from your delivery, specially when you have C-section delivery. Some maternity panties will help you to take your body shape back and make you more comfortable.

When we consider about the composition of the materials in maternity underwear, most of you may prefer 100% cotton. Because cotton is very comfortable. But when we look at the durability with all the pain points you have to face, 100% cotton is not much durable. So, you can choose the underwear which has been made from combination of cotton and other synthetic materials such as spandex, nylon, polyamide. But the percentage of cotton should be high.

So, select your maternity underwear with a good idea, make your pregnancy more comfortable and happy.

Author:

Mrs. Ruwandi Fernando is reading for MPhil / PhD program in Physics and currently working as a Technology Entrepreneur in MAS Holdings. In her role as a Technology Entrepreneur, she explores new trends in the maternal apparel space, sustainable products, new technology trends that can be applied to the apparel sector. She is a mother of a newborn who is interested in Kandyan dancing, playing sports, working out, mentoring teenagers, lecturing during her leisure time.

 

Foods and Beverages to Avoid During Pregnancy

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Pregnancy is one of the most vital and delicate times in a woman’s life. Therefore, it is more important than ever to eat a healthy diet. This means paying attention to what you eat, and making sure to avoid harmful foods and beverages. Certain foods should only be consumed rarely, while others should be avoided completely.

High-Mercury Fish

Mercury is a highly toxic element. It has no known safe level of exposure, and is most commonly found in polluted water. In higher amounts, it can be toxic to the nervous system, immune system and kidneys. Pregnant women should not eat high-mercury fish more than 1–2 times each month. This includes shark, swordfish, tuna and mackerel.

Undercooked or Raw Fish

Raw fish, especially shellfish, can cause several infections. These include norovirus, Vibrio, Salmonella, Listeria and parasites.

Some of these infections only affect the mother, leaving her dehydrated and weak. Other infections may be passed on to the unborn baby with serious, or even fatal, consequences. Listeria can be passed to an unborn baby through the placenta, even if the mother is not showing any signs of illness. This can lead to premature delivery, miscarriage, stillbirth and other serious health problems.

Pregnant women are therefore advised to avoid raw fish and shellfish. This includes many sushi dishes.

Undercooked, Raw and Processed Meat

Eating undercooked or raw meat increases the risk of infection from several bacteria or parasites. These include Toxoplasma, E. coli, Listeria and Salmonella.Bacteria may threaten the health of the unborn baby, possibly leading to stillbirth or severe neurological illnesses, including mental retardation, blindness and epilepsy. Hot dogs, lunch meat and deli meat are also of concern. These types of meat may become infected with various bacteria during processing or storage. Pregnant women should not consume processed meat products unless they’ve been reheated until steaming hot.

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 Raw Eggs

Raw eggs can be contaminated with Salmonella. Symptoms of Salmonella infections are usually experienced only by the mother. They include fever, nausea, vomiting, stomach cramps and diarrhea. However, in rare cases, the infection may cause cramps in the uterus, leading to premature birth or stillbirth. Most commercial products that contain raw eggs are made with pasteurized eggs, and are safe to consume. However, you should always read the label to make sure. Pregnant women should always cook eggs thoroughly, or used pasteurized eggs.

Caffeine

Caffeine is the most commonly used psychoactive substance in the world, and is mainly found in coffee, tea, soft drinks and cocoa. Pregnant women are generally advised to limit their caffeine intake to less than 200 mg per day, or about 2–3 cups of coffee. Caffeine is absorbed very quickly, and passes easily into the placenta and fetus. Because unborn babies and their placentas do not have the main enzyme needed to metabolize caffeine, high levels can build up. High caffeine intake during pregnancy has been shown to restrict fetal growth and increase the risk of low birth weight at delivery

Unpasteurized Milk, Cheese and Fruit Juice

Raw milk and unpasteurized cheese can contain an array of harmful bacteria, including Listeria, Salmonella, E. coli and Campylobacter. The same goes for unpasteurized juice, which is also prone to bacterial infections. These infections can all have life-threatening consequences for an unborn baby. Pasteurization is the most effective way to kill off any harmful bacteria, without changing the nutritional value of the products. To minimize the risk of infections, pregnant women are advised to consume only pasteurized milk, cheese and fruit juice.

Alcohol

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Pregnant women are advised to completely avoid drinking alcohol, as it increases the risk of miscarriage and stillbirth. Even a small amount can negatively impact your baby’s brain development. It can also cause fetal alcohol syndrome. This syndrome involves facial deformities, heart defects and mental retardation. Since no level of alcohol has been proven to be safe during pregnancy, it is recommended to avoid it altogether.

Processed Junk Foods

Pregnancy is a time of rapid growth. Your body needs increased amounts of many essential nutrients, including protein, folate and iron. Yet even though you’re “eating for two” now, you don’t need twice the calories. An optimal pregnancy diet should mainly consist of whole foods, with plenty of nutrients to fulfill the needs of the mother and growing child. Processed junk food is generally low in nutrients, and high in calories, sugar and added fats. While, some weight gain is necessary during pregnancy, excess weight gain has been linked to many complications and diseases. These include an increased risk of gestational diabetes and pregnancy or birth complications. It can also increase the risk of having an overweight child.

AUTHOR

Leshani Samaradiwakara is a recent graduate with a BA in Economics and a minor in Psychology and Sociology. She is currently working as a Business Entrepreneur in MAS Holdings. In her role as a Business Entrepreneur, she explores new trends in the apparel industry, studies the consumer behaviour and conducts market research, especially in the area of women health & wellness. She is a enthusiastic individual who is interested in discovering new places, traveling the world, exploring new cultures and meeting new people.