Sex During Pregnancy

download

Is it safe to have sex when I’m pregnant?

Most women who are having a normal pregnancy may continue to have sex right up until their water breaks or they go into labor. There are some circumstances, though, in which you may need to modify your activity or abstain from sex altogether for part or all of your pregnancy. Your midwife or doctor should let you know whether you have – or develop – any complications that make sex a no-go. If you’re uncertain, ask your practitioner.

Does sex during pregnancy harm the baby?

No, a baby isn’t hurt when a pregnant woman and her partner make love. The amniotic sac and the strong muscles of the uterus protect the baby, and the thick mucus plug that seals the cervix helps guard against infection. During intercourse, the penis doesn’t go beyond the vagina, so it won’t reach the baby.

Can having sex trigger labor?

No, not if you have a normal, low-risk pregnancy. Sexual stimulation or orgasm cannot start labor or cause a miscarriage. While orgasm may cause mild uterine contractions (as can nipple stimulation and the prostaglandins in semen), the contractions are generally temporary and harmless.

images (1)

Will sex feel different now that I’m pregnant?

Many women report that sex feels different during pregnancy. Some find it more pleasurable, at least at times. Others may generally find it less so, for part or all of the pregnancy.

Increased blood flow to the pelvic area can cause engorgement of the genitals. The heightened sensation that results may add to your pleasure during sex. You may have more vaginal discharge or moistness, which could also be a plus.

On the other hand, you may not like how these changes feel and may find that genital engorgement gives you an uncomfortable feeling of fullness. And, as mentioned above, you may also feel some mild abdominal cramps or contractions during or immediately after intercourse or orgasm.

Your breasts may feel tingly, tender, and unusually sensitive to touch, particularly in the first trimester. The tenderness generally subsides, but your breasts may remain more sensitive. Some women will find this heightened sensitivity to be a turn-on, while others won’t (and may even prefer that their breasts not be touched at all).

Let your partner know if anything feels uncomfortable, even if it’s something you’re used to doing together. Remember, too, that there’s more to physical intimacy than sex. If you don’t feel like having sex or your practitioner has advised you not to, you can still hug, kiss, and caress each other.

images

I’ve had a low sex drive since I got pregnant. Is this normal?

 There’s a wide range of individual experiences when it comes to sexual desire during pregnancy. Some women have a heightened libido throughout pregnancy, while others find they’re less interested in sex. Many women find that their sexual appetite fluctuates, perhaps depending on how they’re otherwise feeling physically and emotionally.

You may feel too tired, moody, or nauseated to make love, especially in the first trimester. It’s not unusual to feel overwhelmed by the physical and emotional changes you’re going through. But take heart – you may find that your libido returns in the second trimester after morning sickness and fatigue have eased up.

It’s also not uncommon, however, for desire to wane again in the third trimester, particularly in the last month or two. At this point, you may be too big, achy, or exhausted to make love comfortably. You may feel self-conscious about how your body has changed or preoccupied with the approach of labor and birth.

Let your partner know how you feel and reassure him that you still love him. It’s crucial to keep the lines of communication open and to support each other as best you can as you go through these changes together.

AUTHOR

Leshani Samaradiwakara is a recent graduate with a BA in Economics and a minor in Psychology and Sociology. She is currently working as a Business Entrepreneur in MAS Holdings. In her role as a Business Entrepreneur, she explores new trends in the apparel industry, studies the consumer behaviour and conducts market research, especially in the area of women health & wellness. She is a enthusiastic individual who is interested in discovering new places, traveling the world, exploring new cultures and meeting new people.

Advertisements

Maintaining Weight during Pregnancy

 

Picture1

During your maternity period it is advisable to maintain a better weight. Having a healthy diet with some slight exercises and brisk walking will be helpful in maintaining a good weight.  “Eat for two” many will advise you like this but it’s a myth, cause if you’re an average weight woman, you just need only 300 calories extra for a day than you did before getting pregnant.

Way to get increase

Normally, you will gain about 2 to 4 pounds during the first three months you’re pregnant and 1 pound a week during the rest of your pregnancy.

If you are expecting twins an average of 1 ½ pounds per week after the usual weight gain in the first three months.

If you’re average weight woman before getting pregnant you should increase 25 to 35 pounds after becoming pregnant. Underweight women should gain 28 to 40 pounds, and overweight women may need to gain only 15 to 25 pounds during pregnancy.

If you are expecting twins you should gain 35 to 45 pounds during your pregnancy.

What happen to your extra weight?

Baby: 8 pounds

Placenta: 2-3 pounds

Amniotic fluid: 2-3 pounds

Breast tissue: 2-3 pounds

Blood supply: 4 pounds

Stored fat for delivery and breastfeeding: 5-9 pounds

Larger uterus: 2-5 pounds

Total: 25-35 pounds

 What happen if you’re getting too much of weight?

Gaining too much weight while pregnant will risk for birth complications like premature birth c-section delivery. Also, of you start pregnancy overweight or obese you’re in a risk of health problems like

If you’re over weight your doctor will advise you to lose weight, other than that you should not going for diet during the pregnancy.

Picture2 

How to Gain the Right Amount of Weight

There are few things that you can do during pregnancy to gain the right body weight

  • Start pregnancy at a healthy weight if possible.

If you’re thinking about stage of pregnancy or trying to conceive. Your healthcare provider can help you figure out your current body mass index (BMI) and suggest ways to lose weight if necessary.

 

  • Eat five to six small meals every day.

Focus on small, frequent meals that are high in lean proteins, fruits, and vegetables. taking a healthy snack every three hour should help you avoid overdoing it at mealtimes. Choose meals and snacks that include protein, fiber, and some healthy fat.

  • Drink up (water, that is)

It’s very important to avoid from dehydration in pregnancy period. You can identify whether you’re having enough water by monitoring urine color If it’s dark yellow or cloudy, your body needs more fluids, if it’s pale yellow or clear I’s a sign of proper hydration.

  • Start a simple exercise

You can start doing yoga, walking, and some prenatal exercises to prevent from extra weight gain. Also, it will give other benefits also. But be aware to do nothing make you uncomfortable.

Author:

Mrs. Ruwandi Fernando is reading for MPhil / PhD program in Physics and currently working as a Technology Entrepreneur in MAS Holdings. In her role as a Technology Entrepreneur, she explores new trends in the maternal apparel space, sustainable products, new technology trends that can be applied to the apparel sector. She is a mother of a newborn who is interested in Kandyan dancing, playing sports, mentoring teenagers, teaching during her leisure time.

Prenatal tests

female consultationIts important to get a series of prenatal tests done before the baby comes. You should get the normal tests like blood pressure check, urine test, several times during pregnancy. There are also other prenatal tests such as, ultrasound, special blood tests at certain times during pregnancy or you face certain problems. Some prenatal tests can help you find out if your baby has certain health conditions, like birth defects and genetic conditions.

Why you should get them done!

Prenatal tests are medical tests you get during pregnancy. They help your health care provider find out how you and your baby are doing.

Some prenatal tests check for health conditions in your baby, including:

  • Birth defectsThese are health conditions that are present at birth. They change the shape or function of one or more parts of the body. Birth defects can cause problems in overall health, how the body develops or how the body works.
  • Genetic and chromosomal conditions – These conditions are caused by changes in genes and chromosomes. A gene is part of your body’s cells that stores instructions for the way your body grows and works. A chromosome is the structure in cells that holds genes. A common chromosomal condition is Down syndrome. Sometimes these conditions are passed from parent to child, and sometimes they happen on their own.

First Trimester

You can have several tests in your first trimester (months 1, 2 and 3).

  • Carrier screening for genetic conditions.This screening test checks your blood or saliva to see if you’re a carrier of certain genetic conditions thdownload (1)at could affect your baby. Carrier screening can be done before pregnancy or during the early weeks of pregnancy. If results show that you or your partner is a carrier, you may be able to find out if your baby has the condition or is a carrier of the condition. All women can have carrier screening for CF, spinal muscular atrophy (also called SMA), thalassemias and hemoglobinopathies.
  • Cell-free fetal DNA testing(also called noninvasive prenatal screening or testing). This screening test checks your blood for your baby’s DNA to see if he may have certain genetic conditions, like Down syndrome. This test is done after 9 weeks of pregnancy. Your provider may recommend the test if an ultrasound shows that your baby may have a birth defect or if you’ve already had a baby with a birth defect.
  • Chorionic villus sampling(also called CVS). This diagnostic test checks tissue from the placenta to see if your baby has a genetic condition, like Down syndrome. CVS is done at 10 to 13 weeks of pregnancy. Your provider may want you to have CVS if you’re older than 35, if genetic conditions run in your family, or if your first-trimester screening shows that your baby is at increased risk for birth defects.
  • First-trimester screening.This screening test includes a blood test and an ultrasound to see if your baby may be at risk for some birth defects, like Down syndrome and heart defects. The test usually is done at 11 to 14 weeks of pregnancy.

 Second Trimester

Your doctor may offer you these prenatal tests in your second trimester (months 4, 5 and 6 of pregnancy):

  • Maternal blood screening(also called quad screen). This screening test checks your blood to see if your baby may be at risk for some birth defects. The test is done at 15 to 22 weeks of pregnancy. 186083784
  • Amniocentesis(also called amnio). Amnio is a diagnostic test of the amniotic fluid from around your baby to see if he has a birth defect or genetic condition, like Down syndrome. The test usually is done at 15 to 20 weeks of pregnancy. Your provider may want you to have an amnio for the same reasons as for CVS. You also may have amnio later in pregnancy to check your baby’s lungs or to see if he has certain infections.
  • Glucose screening.This screening test checks to see if you may have gestational diabetes. This is a kind of diabetes that some women get during pregnancy. You get this test at 24 to 28 weeks of pregnancy.

Third Trimester

In your last trimester (months 7, 8 and 9 of pregnancy), your provider does a test for group B strep (also called GBS). Group B strep is an infection you can pass to your baby during birth. The test checks fluid from your cervix to see if you have GBS. You get this test at 35 to 37 weeks of pregnancy.

Its better to have these tests and check if your baby is the healthiest it can be before he/she is born!

AUTHOR

Ms. Leshani Samaradiwakara is a recent graduate with a BA in Economics and a minor in Psychology and Sociology. She is currently working as a Business Entrepreneur in MAS Holdings. In her role as a Business Entrepreneur, she explores new trends in the apparel industry, studies the consumer behavior and conducts market research, especially in the area of women health & wellness. She is a enthusiastic individual who is interested in discovering new places, traveling the world, exploring new cultures and meeting new people.

Prenatal relaxation

Leisure activities during pregnancy

It is important for mothers to remain relaxed and active during pregnancy. This helps them to have better physical and mental condition and so the baby remains healthy as well. Exercises help to keep fit and regular exercises are recommended by doctors too.

The leisure activities that pregnant women could try are sports activities, weekend outings and family picnics. Indoor leisure activities are reading books, listening to music and watching movies.

Listening to music

Researchers have carried out various studies on pregnant women to find out the effects of music on the unborn babies. Results show, unborn babies who were exposed to music while in the womb show a significant improvement in their overall mental, cognizant, behavioral, sensory, psychological and emotional development as compared to those who were not exposed to any music while they were in the womb.

music

The type of music you listen to depends largely on your personality & mood. There is no rule that you should only listen to a particular type of music while you are pregnant. But it’s better to avoid from loud music. Exposing your unborn baby to very loud music is said to be risky as it could lead to premature birth.

Outings during pregnancy

It is possible to travel by air during pregnancy, getting prior notice from the doctor that relaxthere no risk of premature birth. While travelling by air, pregnant women should take enough fluid, take a walk around every hour so that thrombosis is prevented. If the journey is longer, then in between breaks must be taken.

It’s better to avoid hot climates during holidays otherwise it could cause extra strain for the blood circulation.

Reading during pregnancy

Babies can recognize their mother’s voice in the womb, so why don’t you read aloud while you’re pregnant? And when your baby arrives, reading to your newborn is a must. The baby won’t understand your words, but hearing your voice stimulates an interest in sounds and helps him develop listening skills, promotes language development, babyconcentration skills and information synthesis

After 10 months she’ll also start to hear sounds from the outside world. Hearing your voice while she’s still in the womb helps your baby feel attached to you quickly once she’s born.

 

What you should read?

From the beginning, your baby can pick up the rhythm and tone of the sentences and will respond to how the mother responds to whatever she reads. Selecting soothing, lighthearted and fun reading material is the best way to entertain your baby during pregnancy, and children’s books are a good resource for short stories that may benefit both the mother and the infant.

read

Also, its important to you to be knowledgeable so here are some books that recommended for read

  • How can reading books help you during pregnancy
  • Books With Pregnancy Humor
  • Pregnancy Books For Dads
  • Books On Pregnancy Health
  • Diet And Nutrition Books On Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Books On Development
  • Pregnancy Journals
  • Pregnancy Books On Yoga And Ayurveda
  • Pregnancy Fact Books

 

Many people will advise you during the pregnancy period but before listening to other it’s trying yourself. For that, the best method will be reading books. You can gather information about what to do and what not to do. Above books will give you full knowledge about pregnancy period regarding things.

 

Author

Ms. Leshani Samaradiwakara is a recent graduate with a BA in Economics and a minor in Psychology and Sociology. She is currently working as a Business Entrepreneur in MAS Holdings. In her role as a Business Entrepreneur, she explores new trends in the apparel industry, studies the consumer behavior and conducts market research, especially in the area of women health & wellness. She is a enthusiastic individual who is interested in discovering new places, traveling the world, exploring new cultures and meeting new people.

 

 

Pregnancy mind

itchy-rash-pregnancy-puppps_0You will get lot of attention on your physical needs while you’re pregnant, but less consideration is given to your emotional changes you may be experiencing. As well as your physical wellness your mental condition also plays a major role in pregnancy. It is a big transition in women’s life, most of all she needs her partner more than anything in this period of time. In many ways it’s helpful that a woman and her partner have almost a year to adjust to the realities of becoming parents.

At biological level estrogen and progesterone hormone levels are changing. Some women are more sensitive to changes in progesterone, and this may make them more irritable, she noted. This hormone changes cause mood swinging in pregnancy period.

FEAR

When you’re in the first trimester you will be afraid of having a miscarriage or doing something that will affect her baby’s health.

In second trimester you will question how a mother you will be and all the responsibilities you must face with the newborn.

The biggest fear comes to your mind in 3rd trimester is the pain during the labor or concern about the something could wrong during the delivery.

If you feel like you couldn’t cope with your fear it’s important to talk with your partner, your parents or your doctor because keeping your mind relaxing is important to your baby’s health.

 

ANXIETY  

Anxiety is a normal emotional feeling. If a woman has had anxiety in the past, there will be a risk of having it during her pregnancy because o

incompatible-with-life-abortion.jpeg

f the increased stress she may experience.

Research has shown that infants born to mothers who had high levels of anxiety during pregnancy had a weakened immune response to vaccines by 6 months of age, compared to babies with more relaxed moms.

 

 

PREGNANCY BRAIN

We identified this is when a woman misplaces her and her cell phone to goes missing, this is described as “pregnancy brain” or “baby brain.”

Some research has suggested that fuzzy thinking and forgetfulness before and after birth may be a result of hormonal fluctuations, especially higher levels of progesterone. Sleep deprivation or the stress of adjusting to a major life transition may also be to blame.  And other reasons for forgetfulness could be that a woman is prioritizing things differently and doing more multitasking.

With all the changes that occur in a woman’s body and all the thoughts running through her mind, it makes sense that a woman may not be remembering some things.

The postpartum period is a particularly vulnerable time for women, especially for depression. The risk for postpartum depression may increase due to a sharp drop in estrogen and progesterone after giving birth and because a new mother may not be sleeping or eating well.

POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION

Postpartum depression is another thing which connect with pregnancy mind

Postpartum depression (PPD) or postnatal depression, is a type of mood disorder associated with childbirth. Extreme sadness, low energy, anxiety, crying episodes, irritability, and changes in sleeping or eating patterns will be the symptoms of PPD. Onset is typically

between one week and one month following childbirth. PPD can also negatively affect the person’s child.

 

drugabuse-shutter315125477-sad-pregnant-woman

The exact cause of PPD is unclear, therefore, the cause is believed to be a combination of physical and emotional factors. These may include factors such as hormonal changes and sleep deprivation.

Risk factors include prior episodes of postpartum depression, bipolar disorder, a family history of depression, psychological stress, complications of childbirth, lack of support, or a drug use disorder.

By providing psychosocial support may be protective in preventing PPD. Treatment for PPD may include counselling or medications.

Author

Ms. Leshani Samaradiwakara is a recent graduate with a BA in Economics and a minor in Psychology and Sociology. She is currently working as a Business Entrepreneur in MAS Holdings. In her role as a Business Entrepreneur, she explores new trends in the apparel industry, studies the consumer behavior and conducts market research, especially in the area of women health & wellness. She is a enthusiastic individual who is interested in discovering new places, traveling the world, exploring new cultures and meeting new people.

 Miscarriage, could you be having one?

Picture1

Miscarriage or spontaneous abortion is the most common type of pregnancy loss, which is defined as the spontaneous loss of a pregnancy in the first 20 weeks. Most of the times this happen in many women before they know they’re pregnant. It has become an evident problem, 20 to 30 percent of all pregnancies end in miscarriage.

If the loss of a fetus occurs after the 20th week of pregnancy, it’s called stillbirth.

Types of miscarriage

There are different types ofmiscarriages depending on the stage of your pregnancy and the cause of your miscarriage.

  • Blighted Ovum- where a fertilized egg implants into your uterine wall, but fetal development never begins
  • Complete Miscarriage-where the products of conception are expelled from your body
  • Incomplete Miscarriage-where the membranes are ruptured, and your cervix is dilated or thinned
  • Missed Miscarriage- where the embryo dies without pregnancy_stages_s19_doctor_pregnant_woman
  • your knowledge, and you don’t deliver it
  • Recurrent Miscarriage- where you’ve had threeor more consecutive first-trimester miscarriages
  • Ectopic miscarriage-where an egg implants somewhere other than your uterus, usually in your fallopian tubes
  • threatened miscarriage- where bleeding and cramps point to a possible upcoming miscarriage

Signs of Miscarriage

Some of these signs can be normal, but you should be concerned if you witness any of these and get checked out with a doctor.

 

  • Vaginal bleeding and passing blood clots
  • Mild to severe cramps
  • Back pain
  • Loss of pregnancy symptoms, such as nausea or vomiting
  • White-pink mucus
  • Passing tissue or clot-like material

Sadly, if miscarriage has started there is no way to stop it. But you don’t have to worry, research have found that 85% of women who have suffered a miscarriage will go on to have a healthy, full-term pregnancy the second time around.

What are the causes for miscarriage?

By identifying the causes of miscarriage, you can prevent it from happening. The main cause is chromosomal or genetic abnormality in the embryo. Other causes are:

  • Drug use
  • Smoking
  • Picture3 copyExcess drinking
  • Listeria, bacteria that may be present in undercooked meats, ra
    w eggs, and unpasteurized dairy products
  • Maternal trauma, such as a car accident
  • Hormonal or structural abnormalities in the mother (suchas low progesterone levels or uterine fibroids)
  • Advanced maternal age (over 35)
  • Infections such as Lyme disease or Fifth disease
  • Chronic illnesses such as uncontrolled diabetes, lupus, or thyroid disease

Treatments after miscarriage

  • You can wait to pass the pregnancy lost naturally. But there are some disadvantages, you can’t identify the cause of miscarriage because important genetic information from the fetal tissue can’t bePicture2 copy tested and the bleedings can be very heavy. This can be take up to two weeks. But the advantage is less medical intervention is needed.
  • Next method by using medicine you can pass the pregnancy within 6-12 hours but it’s hard to recover the fetal tissue to test it afterward.
  • D and C is another method (dilation and curettage). This is a surgery. Here doctor will remove the remaining parts of fetal tissue from the woman’s uterus. So, the tissue can be tested. But there is a slight risk of infection or scarring to the uterus.

After miscarriage you can ask from your doctor or midwife to how long you should wait for next pregnancy. Because the time gap will depend on the situation and the cause of miscarriage.

Author

Ms. Leshani Samaradiwakara is a recent graduate with a BA in Economics and a minor in Psychology and Sociology. She is currently working as a Business Entrepreneur in MAS Holdings. In her role as a Business Entrepreneur, she explores new trends in the apparel industry, studies the consumer behavior and conducts market research, especially in the area of women health & wellness. She is a enthusiastic individual who is interested in discovering new places, traveling the world, exploring new cultures and meeting new people.

When Are You Ready for a Baby?

Unknown

It’s difficult to decide when the perfect time is to have a baby. Sometimes its not a choice, it’s a surprise! So we are here to help you decide at which part of your life it is best to have a baby.

TWENTY’S

If you are trying to get pregnant in your 20’s, time & biology is on your side! Your body is prepared for pregnancy and will remain so for the rest of your 20s.

There are advantages and disadvantages to getting pregnant at any age. We’ve done the research and found out the pros and cons of each age!

Pros

 Experts find that the average woman’s fertility peaks during her early 20s, therefore, from a biological perspective this is considered the best decade for conceiving and carrying a baby.

Every woman, has roughly 1 to 2 million eggs. As you get older, your ovaries age along with the rest of your body and the quality of your egg fades. This is the reasoning as to why younger women’s eggs are less likely than older women’s to have genetic abnormalities.  The risk of miscarriage is 10 percent for women in their 20s compared to 12 percent for women in their 30s.

When you have the baby in your 20s, you have more energy to wake up in the middle of the night to take care of the baby and still be able to function the next day.

Besides being physically equipped for a child, you are also more flexible in your 20s which is good for your marriage and for the transition to parenthood.

Cons

During your 20s, you may be starting out professionally and figuring out a career path.

stressed-mom-e1454524665204

Taking time off to have baby may set you back professionally. There’s an economic toll motherhood takes on a woman’s earning potential. Even if a woman goes right back towork afterhaving children, statistically she’ll earn significantly less than her childless counterparts. This is a powerful incentive for some women to delay pregnancy.

Having a child in your 20s may not be optimal. In your 20s you have a lot of debt and you just start out earning a significant amount and may not have the optimal resources to be prepared for a child.

Couples in their 20s who have a child may have relationship strain. Young people often do not have the experience to realize that the early period of life with a new born is only temporary. Mothers in their 20s are likely to feel depressed and overwhelmed and the father feel abandoned by his wife, due to the wife’s new occupation with the little one.

Young couples are simply not prepared to be parents. Raising children is emotionally and physically demanding, and sometimes they are not prepared for the sacrifice and patience it requires.

 THIRTY’S

Many consider the 30s the ideal age for motherhood. In your 30s you are more secure in your career and in your relationship. And you and your partner have had time for yourselves for adventure before parenthood.

That’s the good news. The bad news is there’s a tremendous difference in your ability to get pregnant in your early 30s as opposed to your late 30s.

Pros

New moms in their 30s still have a lot of energy and resilience, qualities that come in handy for parenting young children. Everyone is different, but women this age probably know themselves better than women in their 20s.should_mother_of_surrogate_child_be_entitled_to_maternity_leave

In many ways, having children in your 30s makes financial and practical sense. You probably have a higher income and a better financial cushion than you did in your 20s because you’ve had more time to become established in the working world.

Cons

In your early 30s, your chances of getting pregnant are only slightly lower than in your late 20s, and your risk of having a miscarriage or a baby with Down syndrome is only slightly higher. But at 35, that decline in fertility begins to accelerate.

That age is also when other genetic problems become more of a concern, so experts routinely recommend that women have cell-free fetal DNA blood testing, amniocentesis, chorionic villus sampling, or other detailed screenings starting in the mid 30s.

Miscarriage rates also rise slowly but steadily as women age, as do pregnancy-related complications. And women 35 and older are more likely than younger women to have an ectopic pregnancy.

Cesarean rates are also higher for women older than 35: Mothers this age have about a 43 percent chance of a c-section delivery compared to a roughly 30 percent chance for mothers in their 20s. Experts say these increased cesarean rates are caused by pregnancy problems like fetal distress or prolonged second-stage labor, which are more common for older mothers.

Author

Ms. Leshani Samaradiwakara is a recent graduate with a BA in Economics and a minor in Psychology and Sociology. She is currently working as a Business Entrepreneur in MAS Holdings. In her role as a Business Entrepreneur, she explores new trends in the apparel industry, studies the consumer behavior and conducts market research, especially in the area of women health & wellness. She is a enthusiastic individual who is interested in discovering new places, traveling the world, exploring new cultures and meeting new people.